A few things I’ve learned . . . .

–From Ralph, I learned that the gigantism of Brobdingnagian women (Brown) works against their appropriation, and renders Gulliver’s own misogyny ridiculous.  This could be considered the anti-anti-feminist moment in GT, his own (misogynistic) critique of the economic misogyny described by Irigaray.

–From Alyse, I realized that Gulliver’s plight in Houhynymland, first losing his own clothes and then replacing them with Yahoo-skins, is mirrored in the plight of the Laputan noblewoman, who has pawned her Cloths, and is found in the Eating-House all in Rags.  As Brown has noticed, the loss of clothes announces a loss of dignity.

–From Alyse and Alyssa, I realized that Swift and Butler share a common hostility to utopian thought and language-schemes, and a certain reticence about stating their own views in positive terms.

–From Katie M and JD, I learned how the species-knowledge that Gulliver learns in Houhynymland is intimately connected with the displacements caused by print.

–From Christine, I learned the importance of Gulliver, like Robinson Crusoe, being alone in his shipwreck, and how strange it is that Gulliver is so powerless in Lilliput, the one place where he might have power (others argued this, as well).

That’s all I can think of, for now.  If other stuff occurs to me, I’ll post it here.

Thanks to all of you for a wonderful semester.

Happy holidays,


ETA on Grades

Good Evening Dr. Mazella –

Do you have an ETA on when we can expect grades to be posted?


Final Paper due 5 pm today in my office or mailbox.

I’ll be expecting the final papers, along with earlier drafts and comments, handed in today by 5 pm. Those who wish to have comments should hand in by the end of the week an SASE (self-addressed stamped envelope) large enough to hold a commented paper, and I’ll mail this back over the winter break. Otherwise, the papers will receive a numerical score and letter grade and will be placed on my door before I leave town this weekend.

Any other late or missing work should come to me before I hand in final grades this Friday. I will count down for anything handed in after this evening, and will not hand in a grade unless the personal assessment essay and personal statement are handed in, as well. If I find anything missing, I should be able to notify you by tonight or tomorrow.

Good luck, and have a good holiday,

David Mazella

Edward Said Annotated Bib-Intellectual

Rayah Bell and Anthony McAlexander

Professor Mazella

English 3301

3. December 2008

Edward Said Annotated Bibliography


“Dean Swift: The Politics of Satire.”IOL.ie. 2004. 10 November 2008. http://www.iol.ie/~rjtechne/swift/2004/virusp04.htm

“This guise is not just a mask, persona, or imitation, however – all these techniques provide outer rather than inner knowledge of the enemy. Traugott argues that Swift’s parody goes beyond the surface and becomes, not an imitation, but an inhabitation, not a critical impersonation, but a “sympathetic transformation,” until “the most radical discoveries of the realities of human life come not as satiric parodies of perverse figures, but when the author is speaking in the idiom and guise of those figures” (80). Because Swift inhabits his character so completely, Traugott contends, “distinctions between [himself] and his speaker collapse” (77), and the idiom and guise that were meant to ridicule become reality. In becoming his enemy, in taking parody into inhabitation, Swift destabilizes the potential for any single authorial intent. As Traugott suggests, “Here is the crux of the notorious problem – whether we are to believe the speaking voice, or invert it, or twist it north-northwest, or throw up our hands” (93). Swift would probably prefer that we do all of those things.” “This page gave us more information about swifts internal ironies and his technique of becoming what he parodies.”


Dirks, Nicholas B.. “Edward Said and Anthropology.” Journal of Palestine Studies. Vol. 33. No. 3, Special Issue in Honor of Edward W. Said (Spring, 2004): pp 38-54

“It has been virtually impossible to study the colonial world without explicit or implcit reference to Edward Said’s charge that the sources, basic categories, and assumptions of anthropologists, historians of the colonial world, and area studies experts (among others) have been shaped by colonial rule(Dirks 38).”  This article contends that anthropology has benefitted from Said’s critique and has made efforts to explore and elaborate on Saids ideas.  It helps to show how his views have changed the way people study anthropology.


“Edward Said.” Reference.com. 7 October 2008. 9 December 2008. <http://www.reference.com/browse/Edward%20Said&gt;

Said contended that Europe had dominated Asia politically so completely for so long that even the most outwardly objective Western texts on the East were permeated with a bias that even most Western scholars could not recognise. His contention was not only that the West has conquered the East politically but also that Western scholars have appropriated the exploration and interpretation of the Orient’s languages, history and culture for themselves. They have written Asia’s past and constructed its modern identities from a perspective that takes Europe as the norm, from which the “exotic”, “inscrutable” Orient deviates.  Said concludes that Western writings about the Orient depict it as an irrational, weak, feminised “Other”, contrasted with the rational, strong, masculine West, a contrast he suggests derives from the need to create “difference” between West and East that can be attributed to immutable “essences” in the Oriental make-up. In 1978, when the book was first published, with memories of the Yom Kippur war and the OPEC crisis still fresh, Said argued that these attitudes still permeated the Western media and academia. After stating the central thesis, Orientalism consists mainly of supporting examples from Western texts.  “This website contains information about Said’s specific opinions concerning the ‘Orient’, and he opens up his analysis with the observation that the East is/has been dominated by the West.  If this is indeed the case, then Orientalism becomes possible as a practice in that the Orient is sort of in a little display owned by the West.  The information suggests that the study of the Orient isn’t just an academic effort but more of the observer checking up on his property.  The site gave us much insight toward Said’s possible agenda as a means of interpreting Orientalism.”


Hafez, Sabry.” Edward Said’s Intellectual Legacy in the Arab World.” Journal of Palestine Studies. Vol. 33. No. 3, Special Issue in Honor of Edward W. Said (Spring, 2004): pp. 76-90

“This article discusses Saids intellectual legacy in the Arab world.  After examining Said’s own cultural influences, the trajectory of his early academic career in America, and his “re-oprientation”towards his Arab identity and culture followinf the 1967 war, the author focuses on the reception of his works in the Arab intellectual circles.  Though Orientalism was initially mispercieved through the feame of identity politics, his theorectical writings exerted a steadily growing impact on Arab criticism…(Hafez 76)”  This article helped us to better understand the intent of Said and his defintion of intellectual.  It also helped the group to realize the authors impact on  Arab criticism and his own contempt for Arab dependency on the West.  It helped us to realize the Edward Said had a view of the way the world should be.


Said, Edward. The World The Text The Critic Edward Said. Boston, Massachusets:  Harvard University Press, 2006.  “This book contains the swift essays that we used for our outline, specifically the Swift as an Intellectual essay.


Said, Edward. Out of Place: A Memoir. New York, New York: Knopf, 1999.

“This memoir allows the reader a better look at Said’s young life and growth so as to also give an insight into his education and motivations for his writing.  Specifically the element of displacement is eleborated upon given that Said was so mobile throughout his life.  It gives him license more than others to be able to analyze other cultures, since he has a very vague sense of where he belongs and thus what he is able to look at as a ‘foreigner’.

Updated Due Dates: Blogging Portfolio, Monday 12/15; Final Essay Wednesday 12/17

Hi everyone,

Sorry I’ve been taking so long with the feedback for the latest drafts etc.  My home computer had a mini-meltdown with a trojan horse virus, and I’ve been dealing with that. I’ll finish up the remaining drafts/comments ASAP and get those to you via email.  Since I’ve been so slow, I’ll make the new deadline for the final research essay WEDNESDAY 12/17 at 5 pm.  Please be sure to hand in all your previous commented drafts with your final version.

It’s also been called to my attention that I put down the 13th as my due date for the blogging portfolio.  The easiest way to deal with this, I’ve decided, is to make the due date for blogging portfolios MONDAY 12/15 at 5 pm.  The magic number is at least 7 posts, at least a paragraph long, and students are encouraged to revise any typos or problems in their writing.  If you wish, you may also include a few sentences up front about any problems you had or insights you gained from the blogging portion of the class.  These posts may be your own postings, like the ones Ralph or Sondra have added, your responses to my postings, repeated postings to the same thread, etc.  Things like your group work, outlines, etc. will not count for this requirement for the course.  This must be handed in for you to receive a grade. You have until the Due Date to finish up your postings.

Similarly, make sure that all your group work is completed and posted before Monday.  I believe that I am still missing one personal statement from the group work, so email it to me if you haven’t done one.

Post questions here or email if you have any other concerns.

Good luck,


Final Question Before the Semester Ends!

Since it’s 10:30 AM and I have nothing better to do, I have decided to formulate a question to pose to my colleagues to sort of finalize the semester. Don’t see it as extra work, see it as an opportunity to have one more post on your Blog Portfolio!

Out of all of the critical theorists that we studied, which do you feel you can apply to other courses in the future? How will you make this connection and what concepts do you feel this theorists brings forth that could be applicable in other realms?

Personally, I feel that the most applicable theorists would be those that revolved around feminism, which are Irigaray and Butler. I feel that feminism is a recurring problem that transgresses the binds of time and is applicable to a majority of thoughts, ideas, and concepts that have ever been recorded. With Irigaray’s view of women as commodities and Butler’s understanding of the foundation of feminism, I feel I have a strong enough knowledge to attach these critical theories into future work that involves women, feminism, or any type of work that is produced from a patriarchal society.

It was amazing to share the semester with you guys!

The Aristocrats

We saw it this weekend….you are right, it was horrible. But…..I now understand why you suggested it after I posted that joke. Thanks


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