Rayah Bell and Anthony McAlexander
3. December 2008
Edward Said Annotated Bibliography
“Dean Swift: The Politics of Satire.”IOL.ie. 2004. 10 November 2008. http://www.iol.ie/~rjtechne/swift/2004/virusp04.htm
“This guise is not just a mask, persona, or imitation, however – all these techniques provide outer rather than inner knowledge of the enemy. Traugott argues that Swift’s parody goes beyond the surface and becomes, not an imitation, but an inhabitation, not a critical impersonation, but a “sympathetic transformation,” until “the most radical discoveries of the realities of human life come not as satiric parodies of perverse figures, but when the author is speaking in the idiom and guise of those figures” (80). Because Swift inhabits his character so completely, Traugott contends, “distinctions between [himself] and his speaker collapse” (77), and the idiom and guise that were meant to ridicule become reality. In becoming his enemy, in taking parody into inhabitation, Swift destabilizes the potential for any single authorial intent. As Traugott suggests, “Here is the crux of the notorious problem – whether we are to believe the speaking voice, or invert it, or twist it north-northwest, or throw up our hands” (93). Swift would probably prefer that we do all of those things.” “This page gave us more information about swifts internal ironies and his technique of becoming what he parodies.”
Dirks, Nicholas B.. “Edward Said and Anthropology.” Journal of Palestine Studies. Vol. 33. No. 3, Special Issue in Honor of Edward W. Said (Spring, 2004): pp 38-54
“It has been virtually impossible to study the colonial world without explicit or implcit reference to Edward Said’s charge that the sources, basic categories, and assumptions of anthropologists, historians of the colonial world, and area studies experts (among others) have been shaped by colonial rule(Dirks 38).” This article contends that anthropology has benefitted from Said’s critique and has made efforts to explore and elaborate on Saids ideas. It helps to show how his views have changed the way people study anthropology.
“Edward Said.” Reference.com. 7 October 2008. 9 December 2008. <http://www.reference.com/browse/Edward%20Said>
Said contended that Europe had dominated Asia politically so completely for so long that even the most outwardly objective Western texts on the East were permeated with a bias that even most Western scholars could not recognise. His contention was not only that the West has conquered the East politically but also that Western scholars have appropriated the exploration and interpretation of the Orient’s languages, history and culture for themselves. They have written Asia’s past and constructed its modern identities from a perspective that takes Europe as the norm, from which the “exotic”, “inscrutable” Orient deviates. Said concludes that Western writings about the Orient depict it as an irrational, weak, feminised “Other”, contrasted with the rational, strong, masculine West, a contrast he suggests derives from the need to create “difference” between West and East that can be attributed to immutable “essences” in the Oriental make-up. In 1978, when the book was first published, with memories of the Yom Kippur war and the OPEC crisis still fresh, Said argued that these attitudes still permeated the Western media and academia. After stating the central thesis, Orientalism consists mainly of supporting examples from Western texts. “This website contains information about Said’s specific opinions concerning the ‘Orient’, and he opens up his analysis with the observation that the East is/has been dominated by the West. If this is indeed the case, then Orientalism becomes possible as a practice in that the Orient is sort of in a little display owned by the West. The information suggests that the study of the Orient isn’t just an academic effort but more of the observer checking up on his property. The site gave us much insight toward Said’s possible agenda as a means of interpreting Orientalism.”
Hafez, Sabry.” Edward Said’s Intellectual Legacy in the Arab World.” Journal of Palestine Studies. Vol. 33. No. 3, Special Issue in Honor of Edward W. Said (Spring, 2004): pp. 76-90
“This article discusses Saids intellectual legacy in the Arab world. After examining Said’s own cultural influences, the trajectory of his early academic career in America, and his “re-oprientation”towards his Arab identity and culture followinf the 1967 war, the author focuses on the reception of his works in the Arab intellectual circles. Though Orientalism was initially mispercieved through the feame of identity politics, his theorectical writings exerted a steadily growing impact on Arab criticism…(Hafez 76)” This article helped us to better understand the intent of Said and his defintion of intellectual. It also helped the group to realize the authors impact on Arab criticism and his own contempt for Arab dependency on the West. It helped us to realize the Edward Said had a view of the way the world should be.
Said, Edward. The World The Text The Critic Edward Said. Boston, Massachusets: Harvard University Press, 2006. “This book contains the swift essays that we used for our outline, specifically the Swift as an Intellectual essay.
Said, Edward. Out of Place: A Memoir. New York, New York: Knopf, 1999.
“This memoir allows the reader a better look at Said’s young life and growth so as to also give an insight into his education and motivations for his writing. Specifically the element of displacement is eleborated upon given that Said was so mobile throughout his life. It gives him license more than others to be able to analyze other cultures, since he has a very vague sense of where he belongs and thus what he is able to look at as a ‘foreigner’.
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